The first part of the museum

dedicated to historical artifacts found on and near the grounds of Kibbutz Maayan Baruch.
Most of the artifacts were discovered in burial caves near the present site of the museum.
The artifacts include clay vessels, glass vessels and jewelry.

The second and main part of the museum

dedicated to showing the largest collection of prehistoric artifacts amassed in the Hulah Valley to this day.
The collection was gathered during many years of painstaking work.
It includes artifacts from before the time man settled in the valley, around 780,000 years ago, until the year 6,000 B.P. the time writings were first found in the diggings.



The collection includes an extensive variety of tools and vessels, including hand axes from the period before man settled in the Hulah Valley about 780,000.
Handles made from bone or wood are attached to the tools. From this display, one is able to learn about the preparation of tools and their different uses of each period.
Animal bones were found near the tools, and from those we learn about the animals in the area from this period.
The collection of skulls found in the area enables us to learn about the development and changes in bone structure and the size of the brain from the chimpanzee to modern man.



The collection in the museum also holds skeletons found in the digs.
Among them are a female skeleton of approximately 50 years of age, and a dog skeleton.
This skeleton is the earliest dog found buried in the world.

In the third part of the museum

an ethno-geographic wing where an amazing collection of artifacts and tools from around the world is displayed.
These artifacts are all made from natural or organic sources.



This collection has been amassed from all around the world in modern times, and in many of these places the tools are still in use today. From these artifacts we can learn about the different uses of these same tools through the times, and their development and uses today. We also learn about how man is able to exist by using the sources provided by nature and man’s ability to adapt to his surroundings.

The story of the museum

starts in 1946 when a group of young high school graduates from Tel Aviv reaches Kibbutz Kfar Giladi during their service in the Palmach.
One of the jobs required of them was the removal of rocks and stones from the lands to be used for agriculture.
This section of land was named Hamara.
Among the rocks and stones, the youth began to discover hand axes made of flint and were identified as tools around 200,000 years old.



Amno Assaf one of the men in the Palmach unit was particularly interested in the artifacts, and began collecting them in crates under his army cot.
In March of 1947, the Palmach unit was among other groups that founded Kibbutz Maayan Baruch.
The kibbutz is situated near the grounds of Hamara. Whenever he was able to find the time, Assaf would search the surrounding fields for more prehistoric artifacts.
There were days that he was able to find dozens of hand axes a day. To this day, in the 300 dunam area considered to be what was once Hamara, around 8,000 artifacts have been discovered.



Word of Assaf’s collection spread quickly in the professional archeological world both in Israel and internationally.
Archeologist started flocking to Maayan Baruch to see and study the enormous collection of artifacts.
Assaf started to study to expand his knowledge of prehistory. He joined archeological digs arranged by researchers both from Israel and nations around the world.
Amnon continued to discover pre-historical artifacts in these digs.

As a result of the interest the collection created in the professional world
Assaf started a small museum in one of the wooden huts on the kibbutz.
Many years later the collection was moved to a larger building built specially for the purpose of the Museum of Prehistory.





Through the years, Assaf has expanded his collection, which now includes archeological artifacts removed from ancient burial caves found in and around Kibbutz Maayan Baruch.
These are from the Bronze, Byzantine and Roman Ages.
The museum also includes an extensive collection of artifacts collected from different peoples and tribes around the world.
These tools, weapons and instruments help one learn and better understand the life of the pre-historic man.